WAYS TO INCREASE INSTRUMENT MAKING ENTERPRISES COMPETITIVENESS
The general problems of the competitiveness of high-tech enterprises (in particular, instrument-making enterprises) which exist at the country level and can be solved by means of active implementation of the development strategy at the national level are analysed. The main problem areas that hinder the construction of a strong field of instrument-making are: unstable economic situation, poor political and economic situation, non-compliance with the constitutional principle of rule of law, high level of corruption, unfair distribution of tax burden, emigration of highly skilled personnel (or brain drain problem) unfavourable investment climate, currency instability, other restrictions. Using the M. Porter's Diamond of national benefits, we have found the group of factors for conducting research, in particular: human resources, natural resources, financial resources, technology, infrastructure. Accordingly, to each factor there was formulated a number of problematic issues that require an urgent solution for increasing the competitiveness of instrument-making enterprises. A general list of problematic issues that hinder the business of high-tech enterprises in Ukraine is presented. Problem-related issues at the level of human resources are: low living standards and wages, corruption at all levels, low-quality of medical care, high unemployment, political instability and the availability of alternatives in the field of employment in foreign corporations with relatively higher salary. Problems of natural resources are the unfavourable military-political situation, the use of natural resources in violation of rules and norms, as well as the provisions of the current environmental legislation, the sharp increase in tariffs for heat and electricity, the purchasement of key resources at unreasonably high tariffs for comparisons of possible alternatives. Problems at the level of financial resources: lack of own financing at enterprises, relatively large bank interest rates, unfavourable investment climate in Ukraine. Problems related to the scientific potential are the lack of financing of scientific activity, the emigration of highly skilled personnel from Ukraine. At the enterprise level, key issues are: complicated business, unjustifiably high taxes, withdrawal of funds offshore zones, government corruption, government pressure, low level of economic freedom, currency instability, lack of support of domestic producers from Ukrainian consumers and government customers, political and economic instability, weak property rights protection systems. The study provides ways to solve problems through action at the country level and at enterprise level.
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Copyright (c) 2018 O. Pokras
ECONOMIC BULLETIN OF NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF UKRAINE "KYIV POLYTECHNICAL INSTITUTE"
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NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF UKRAINE “IGOR SIKORSKY KYIV POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE”
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