DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2307-5651.17.2020.216396

INFLUENCE OF INDUSTRY 4.0 ON THE COMPETITIVENESS OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY

N. Ye. Skorobogatova, Y. H. Kravchuk

Анотація


The article examines the impact of Industry 4.0 on the competitiveness of the national economy. The authors identified the features of Industry 4.0 and the consequences of the production of its technologies by economic entities. The sphere of influence and global application are the main differences. The main opportunities and risks for the national economy associated with the introduction of technology Industry 4.0 are determined. In particular, the main opportunities are the development of industry, the activation and simplification of the relationship, the spread of cooperation, increasing the competitiveness of production and countries, improving the environmental friendliness of production. The main threats and risks are the increase in unemployment, political and economic instability, legislative risk, as well as the excessive growth of costs for the development and implementation of the latest technologies that may exacerbate countries' dependence on financial donors. For the purpose of thorough analysis, countries, that were selected, are divided into four groups depending on their degree of readiness to introduce the new technologies: leading countries (China, USA, Germany, France, Japan and South Korea); countries that are ready to introduce new technologies (India and Russia); countries with high potential (Australia and Ukraine); countries where the transition is just beginning (Brazil, South Africa and Saudi Arabia). The features of the implementation of the main provisions of the concept of Industry 4.0 in these groups of countries and their impact on the competitiveness of national economies are determined. The factor analysis showed a significant degree of influence of foreign direct investment, the amount of funding for research, development and other factors of innovative development on the volume of gross domestic product produced by the analyzed groups of countries. The main barriers to the implementation of Industry 4.0 technologies in national production such as the insufficient funding, lack of involvement of small and medium-sized businesses, lack of appropriate capacities and skilled labor, government strategies were identified. These barriers are inherent mainly for the countries of the fourth group. To increase the efficiency of introducing Industry 4.0 technologies, were determined the driving forces, taking into account the specifics of the economic development of each of the groups of the analyzed countries. Implementation of a number of measures on the basis of identifying obstacles to the use of innovative technologies in the national economy of Ukraine are proposed, in particular: enhancing the interaction of stakeholders and the state, developing the latest programs, initiatives and development strategies; increased government funding for the IT sector; deepening integration into existing EU innovation development programs; reforming the mechanism for protecting intellectual property rights in Ukraine; digitalization of basic sectors of industry and infrastructure, and more.


Ключові слова


Fourth Industrial Revolution, Industry 4.0, new technology, competitiveness of the national economy, risks, innovative development

Повний текст:

PDF (English)

Посилання


Kagermann H., Anderl R., Gausemeier J., Schuh G., Wahlster W. Industrie 4.0 in a Global Context – Germanу, 2018. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315739153_ Industrie_40_in_a_Global_Context_Strategies_for_Cooperating_with_International_Partners_acatech_STUDY.

Russmann M., Lorenz M., Gerbert P., Waldner M., Justus J., Engel P., Harnisch M. Industry 4.0: The Future of Productivity and Growth in Manufacturing Industries.

URL: https://www.bcgpers/pectives.com/content/articles/engineered_products_/ project_business_industry_40_future_productivity_/growth_manufacturing_industries.

Vitlinsky V. V., Skitsko V. I. Risks in Industry 4.0. Bulletin of Cherkasy University, 2016. № 3. P. 17-26.

Khakhanov V. I. Smart Cyber-University – Cloud-Mobile services management of scientific and educational processes. Radioelectronics and Informatics, 2015. № 3. P. 39-44.

Budnikov Y. I. History of science and technology: guidelines for the study of the course. Chelyabinsk: teaching materials of the Department of Domestic and Foreign History of SUSU, 2017. 42 p.

Voronin S. M., Morozova N. N. Improving the competitiveness of industry based on the concept of "Industry 4.0". Management Issues, 2019. № 1 (71). Р. 15-20.

Schetinina N. Yu. Industry 4.0: practical aspects of implementation in Russian conditions. Models, systems, networks in economics, technology, nature and society, 2017. № 1 (21). Р. 75-84.

Detter G. F. “Big Challenges” for the Development of the Arctic Spaces in the Conditions of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Innovation, 2017. № 11 (229). Р. 22-28.

Tarasov I. V. Industry 4.0: concept, concepts, development trends. Business Strategies, 2018. № 6 (50). Р. 43-49.

Gоtz M. The potential of clusters to form demanded competencies and develop business flexibility. Forsyth, 2019. № 2. P. 72-83.

Official page of the Association of Industrial Automation Enterprises of Ukraine. URL: https://appau.org.ua/.

Fink P. Industry 4.0 and European Innovation Policy. URL: https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/wiso/14455.pdf.

Zubritskaya I. The concept of “Industry 4.0” and the prerequisites for its application in domestic industry. Science and Innovation, 2017. № 7 (185). Р. 38-41.

Andryushchenko K. A., Shergina L. A., Kovtun V. P. Analysis of features and prospects for the development of Ukraine in the concept of “Industry 4.0”. Technology audit and resource conservation, 2017. № 4 (5). Р. 36-42.

Official website of the project “Public Synergy”. URL: https://www.civic-synergy.org.ua/.

Official website of World Bank Group. URL: https://www.worldbank.org/uk/.

Official website of McKinsey & Company. URL: https://www.mckinsey.com/.

Kusiak А. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing. URL: https://www.springer.com/journal/10845/.

Official website of International Federation of Robotics. URL: https://ifr.org/.

Official website of IoT Analytics. URL: https://iot-analytics.com/.

Official website of Production Management. URL: http://www.up-pro.ru/.

Official website of UNESCO. URL: https://ru.unesco.org/.

Official website of Knoema. URL: https://knoema.com/.

Skorobogatova N. Y., Kravchuk Y. H. Ukraine's readiness to introduce the latest technologies of Industry 4.0. Entrepreneurship and innovation. 2019. № 7. P. 26-32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37320/2415-3583/7.4.




Copyright (c) 2020 N. Ye. Skorobogatova, Y. H. Kravchuk

ECONOMIC BULLETIN OF NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF UKRAINE "KYIV POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE"

JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING FACULTY OF
NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF UKRAINE “IGOR SIKORSKY KYIV POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE”

2014-2016 © Національний технічний університет України «Київський політехнічний інститут імені Ігоря Сікорського»
2014-2016 © Факультет менеджменту та маркетингу
2014-2016 © Авторські права належать авторам статей
Київ, 03056, Україна, проспект Перемоги, 37, корпус 1, кім. 237
Тел. +38 044 236 96 73
Е-mail: fmm@kpi.ua