FEATURES OF COMMERCIALIZATION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
The purpose of the study is to determine the specific features of the commercialization of scientific and engineering developments in the field of biotechnology. According to the goal, the main tasks are: to find out specific features of biotechnology production and determine their impact on the commercialization of scientific and technological developments in the field of biotechnology; to analyse existing forms of commercialization of innovative developments and to find out the possibility of their application in biotechnology; to outline the features and related problems of commercialization of scientific and engineering developments in the biotechnology industry.
The article defines commercialization, consider on commercialization of scientific and technical innovative developments. It demonstrates urgency and necessity of innovative developments commercialization as an answer to the growing needs of consumers and market evolution. The study argues the interdisciplinary of biotechnology and its distribution in various spheres of life through colour classification. It determines the features of commercialization in biotechnology. The author describes the main characteristics of biotechnologies: complexity of the structure of biotechnological products, the complexity of production, the imperfection of quality control methods, and the lack of clinical history of drugs. She insists on their great influence on the commercialization of developments of the industry. The article shows that all the characteristics of biotechnologies can be divided into those that have a direct and indirect impact on their commercialization. It enumerates the forms of commercialization of scientific and technical developments: use in their own production, leasing, engineering, franchising, industrial cooperation, license agreements and consider on the possibility of their application in biotechnology. Not all forms of commercialization can be applied in the industry and franchising definitely can’t. The scientific novelty of this study is to substantiate the influence of the characteristic features of the industry on the processes of commercialization in biotechnology, the choice of forms of commercialization, the definition and systematization of problems, the solution of which will simplify the processes of commercialization of biotechnological developments.
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Copyright (c) 2018 T.P. Tkachenko
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