DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2307-5651.15.2018.135931

PECULIARITIES OF MIGRATION BETWEEN UKRAINE AND THE COUNTRIES OF EUROPE AND METHODS OF ITS REGULATION

М.М. Abramova, І.М. Grinko

Анотація


The article analyzes the migratory flows of the countries of Europe and Ukraine (2008-2015) and the general tendency of increasing the share of immigrants in Germany and France and the decrease of the number of emigrants and immigrants in Ukraine are singled out. The structure of emigration and immigration of Ukraine in the countries of departure and entry (with the countries of Europe) in 2008-2016 is shown, where the largest share of immigrants in Ukraine is made up of citizens of the Russian Federation, Moldova and Belarus, and Ukrainians themselves emigrate to the Russian Federation, Germany and Belarus. The main social, political, economic and self-interest reasons of population migration are outlined, among which the following should be noted: education abroad, professional development, favorable employment conditions, low income tax rates, favorable economic and political conditions for doing business, significant state expenditures for promoting science, easy access to information, high standard of living , developed level. The positive and negative consequences of migration to country that exports of imports labor force are highlighted. The methods of regulation of migration in Ukraine are proposed and substantiated. The analysis made it possible to identify the main countries of Europe with which Ukraine has the ability to develop migration relations, from which should be signed Russian Federation, Moldova, Germany and Belarus. The main causes of growing immigration in the largest the countries of Europe are revealed, main from them are: increasing level of life, creating comfortable conditions of work and loyal an open relation to foreign highly skilled workers. The result of the study is a list of methods for regulating migration flows in Ukraine to the European countries, among them: improving the legislative framework of Ukraine, compliance with the content of current legislation and taking into account global changes in the migration legislation of Ukraine and the priorities of the development of Ukraine's relations in the field of international migration and others.


Ключові слова


migration, methods of regulation, migration processes, emigration, immigration

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Copyright (c) 2018 М.М. Abramova, І.М. Grinko

ECONOMIC BULLETIN OF NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF UKRAINE "KYIV POLYTECHNICAL INSTITUTE"

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